Bearing capacity of embedded piles in rocks considering their contribution to friction

Gilberto Julio Quevedo Sotolongo


This article has the objective to show a study of different existing theories that consider the friction contribution of embedded piles in rock. It initially summarizes the adopted criteria for such theories and the coefficient ranges considered for the application of their basic expressions. The results of these theoretical analyses were applied in the solution of the foundations of a hotel, and its marine, built on the beach in the city of Varadero, Cuba. The study area presented a high geologic and engineering complexity, with highly variable stratification characteristics together with distinct soil and rock properties, where the presence of a calcareous stratum stands out in the deposit. The calcareous layer is found in a variable depth within the strata and has a quality ranging from very poor to good, where all the pile tips were founded.  In order to obtain the bearing capacities from the designed piles, it was necessary to take into account their friction contribution within the rock, which was done by validating the existing theories through the execution of in situ pile load tests, combined with the use of theoretical models. This exercise allowed the establishment of practical coefficient values that were required by the theories in such particular site conditions.  It was finally possible to yield design solutions for the deep foundations of this case history, which comprised over 2000 driven piles.

Rev. ing. constr. [online]. 2015, vol.30, n.3, pp. 189-199. ISSN 0718-5073.


Piles in rock; bearing capacities; friction contribution; situ pile load tests



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